Crittenden compromise essay

At two separate conventions, the Northern Democratic wing nominated Stephen Douglass and supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty, while the Southern wing nominated John Breckinridge and supported the notion that slaveholders were allowed to bring their slaves and claim the land as slave holding.

Douglas passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act of and consequently repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing slavery north of the latitude line. In popular culture[ edit ] The novel Underground Airlines by Ben Winters is set in an alternate history where the Crittenden Compromise was accepted.

Despite this, the South realized that the North and its anti-slavery views were gaining ground, while the Crittenden compromise essay believed that the Dred Scott ruling limited its power. Composed of conservative members of the Whig and Know Nothing Parties, they nominated John Bell as their presidential candidate.

How Compromises Failed to Prevent the Civil War

The House of Representatives passed the Wilmot Proviso, which stated that slavery Crittenden compromise essay prohibited in any territory acquired from Mexico.

Inanother constitutional convention met and drafted the Lecompton Constitution, which was heavily opposed by abolitionists.

Inthis fear became a reality as John Brown, an extreme abolitionist, led a raid on at Harpers Ferry.

This was evident when a compromise was made in Northern Democrats assumed that under popular sovereignty, slavery would not expand because Free-Staters could quickly settle in the West and thereby claiming the land as free.

The South was dependent on slavery for income, so they could not afford to switch to a system of free labor. The Republican platform had moderate anti-slavery views and endorsed means of promoting industry. California sought to be admitted to the Union as a free state, and the Wilmot Proviso suggested that the newly acquired land from the Mexican War was to be free as well.

The formation of the Republican Party was one of the primary reasons of how the political landscape changed in the Union. This limited the South from further expanding slavery to new territories. Let our citizens be prepared for the worst, it may come.

If not—there comes war—and woe to the wives and daughters of our land; beauty will be but an incentive to crime, and plunder but pay for John Brown raids.

This ultimately resulted in the schism of the Democratic Party. The compromise was popular among Southern members of the Senate, but it was generally unacceptable to the Republicans, who opposed the expansion of slavery beyond the states where it already existed into the territories.

Senator Henry Clay proposed the notion of popular sovereignty to determine whether these States would be free or slave states. With the emergence of new political parties and the growing support for the Republicans in the North, the campaign of was the major turning point in the political atmosphere.

However, Northern and Southern Democrats interpreted this notion independently. They were only temporary fixes to a more pressing issue. Congress could not prohibit or interfere with the interstate slave trade.

The Crittenden Compromise is a prime example of how a Northern, anti-slavery view rejected any compromises made by the South.

The South was concerned that admission of more free states would offset the balance of representation in Congress. It guaranteed the permanent existence of slavery in the slave states and addressed Southern demands in regard to fugitive slaves and slavery in the District of Columbia.

That laws for the suppression of the African slave trade should be effectively and thoroughly executed.Essay about Crittenden Compromise On December 18, Kentucky Senator John Crittenden, offered the Crittenden Compromise as a last ditch effort to end the Civil War.

It, like many other compromises before it, tried to make a compromise between the North and the South about which United States territories should and should not have slavery.

The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful proposal introduced by United States Senator John J. Crittenden (Constitutional Unionist of Kentucky) on December 18, The Crittenden Compromise was one of many attempts made in Congress and American politics to resolve the conflicts and tensions that existed between the North and South following the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency.

Crittenden Compromise

Crittenden Compromise, (–61), in U.S. history, series of measures intended to forestall the American Civil War, futilely proposed in Congress by Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky in December The Crittenden Compromise (December 18, ) was an unsuccessful proposal by Kentucky Senator John J.

Crittenden to resolve the U.S. secession crisis of – by addressing the concerns that led the states in the Deep South of the United States to contemplate secession from the United States.

Contents. The Compromise of Essay - The compromise of was a settlement on a series of issues plaguing the unity of the states. The primary issue to address was the institution of slavery, which was causing much dissension between the north and the south.

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